Introversion is an ingrained personality trait, while isolation is the process of secluding oneself from others. Isolation can be the result of underlying or emerging psychological, emotional, and/or physiological factors, but to fully understand the difference, you need to first understand how students often manifest introversion versus isolation.
School-aged children and adolescents who are introverts prefer to stay alone and yet still engage with peers who share similar interests/hobbies, forming soulful, emotional bonds. They tend to get away from social gatherings to focus on self-discovery, hone their skills, reconnect within, and recharge.
On the other hand, children who isolate do it because they feel that’s the only safe choice. It’s a flight response they have developed to stressors like failure, rejection, and bullying in their life. The consequences for children who socially withdraw aren’t positive. Such children often feel lonely, sad, or anxious, experience insomnia, have poor performance in school, and lose the ability or opportunity to form social connections.