Legislation has also benefited children with special needs. In 2004, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA Part B) was passed to provide federal funding to support services for children ages 3–21 who have disabilities. Through IDEA, states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to more than 6.5 million children, 3-21 who have disabilities. Through IDEA, states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to more than 6.5 million children.
While federal law mandates that every child receive a free and appropriate education in the least-restrictive environment possible, and IDEA requires schools to give students with special needs the necessary accommodations and/or modifications to support their learning, services may vary by state and even by school district based on factors such as funding and resource availability.
Additionally, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a Federal law that offers protection to those individuals who have a disability. Under Section 504, an individual who has a physical or mental impairment that significantly limits a major life activity is considered someone with a disability. In schools, this means that a person with a disability eligible under Section 504 may receive reasonable accommodations and/or reasonable modifications to policies, practices, or procedures