Memory is a core cognitive skill.
There is short-term memory, long-term memory, and working memory. Long-term memories are either explicit—things you must think about to remember—or implicit, known as “muscle memory.” And memory is interrelated with attention, perception, and reasoning, the other cognitive skills that are essential to learning.
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, structures within the brain’s architecture that are related to making, storing, and recalling memories include the:
- Temporal lobe, involved in short-term memory, as well as speech, musical rhythm, and the sense of smell.
- Hypothalamus, which regulates body temperature, synchronizes sleep patterns, controls hunger and thirst, but also plays a role in some aspects of memory and emotion.
- Amygdala, part of the limbic system that regulates emotion and memory and is associated with the brain’s reward system.
- Hippocampus, which supports memory, learning, navigation, and perception of space.
With what science knows about memory, perception, reasoning, and emotion, there are plenty of simple, fun ways to keep those critical structures purposefully engaged while school’s out for summer.