- What role did ethnic tension play in the breakup of Yugoslavia?
Possible response: The six republics of Yugoslavia had different ethnic makeups. Serbs were a majority in Serbia and controlled the Yugoslav government, but they made up a minority in other republics. When republics began declaring independence, the Serb-controlled government tried to hold onto them by force, leading to war.
- What role did the United States play in the resolution of the wars in the Balkans?
Possible response: The United States oversaw negotiations among groups who took part in the war. U.S. officials helped the parties to the war reach a peace agreement, known as the Dayton Accords.