1. What role did ethnic tension play in the breakup of Yugoslavia?
    Possible response: The six republics of Yugoslavia had different ethnic makeups. Serbs were a majority in Serbia and controlled the Yugoslav government, but they made up a minority in other republics. When republics began declaring independence, the Serb-controlled government tried to hold onto them by force, leading to war.

  2. What role did the United States play in the resolution of the wars in the Balkans?
    Possible response: The United States oversaw negotiations among groups who took part in the war. U.S. officials helped the parties to the war reach a peace agreement, known as the Dayton Accords.